A speaker is a person who speaks to an audience, and for this, he uses the resource of oratory, which is defined as the art of speaking eloquently.
While the speaker may have other objectives , he always wants to cause some kind of effect on his audience (convince them of their position, motivate them, report a discovery, alert them, raise a problem, interest them in a story, etc.).
Ultimately, the persuasion of the speaker aims to provoke the interest of his audience, in order to effectively convey his message. The oratory can be individual or group.
A speaker should dress appropriately, but always taking into account the audience before which he appears. Your posture should be upright, showing decision and safety.
Your presence should not be static but should move to address different sectors of the public and to show your enthusiasm and transmit it to the audience.
You must master the subject, the arguments you will develop but also anticipate the questions that may direct you. His knowledge on the subject he will develop allows him to maintain a fluent speech, without hesitation that can cause distrust or diminish public interest.
On the other hand, the preparation also includes punctuality, knowing the venue where the presentation will take place and knowing what technological elements it will have.
Knowing the subject is not enough to be able to express it effectively. A speaker will practice privately the best way to present his arguments, combining content, tone of voice, gestures, rhythm and any other element that he includes in his dissertation.
While possible questions should be anticipated in your preparation, if you cannot answer any, it is preferable that you admit your limitations rather than trying to deceive the audience with false answers.
Words must be pronounced correctly but also clearly, with a distinctive modulation of each consonant and vowel.
In the same way as clothing, vocabulary must always be adapted to the subject as well as to the public. If it is necessary to use a specific word to designate a concept of some discipline that the public probably does not know, the term will be used only after it has been explained in a pleasant, clear and concise manner.
The presentation of a good speaker should be dynamic, using various digital or visual techniques that help to keep the attention of the public. Part of that dynamism also implies making the necessary pauses when speaking, to indicate stages in the speech, create expectations or facilitate the understanding of the message.
He should be aware of the fragments of his presentation that are more prone to debate. That is why its preparation must include arguments to defend itself against the expected criticism.
While he must be convinced and firm in his position, he must also listen to the opinions of the audience and respect those who disagree with their opinions.
The gestures of both the face and the body should be used to emphasize verbal messages, to favor public empathy or to maintain the dynamism of the exhibition.
However, it should be used consciously as a means of nonverbal communication, and never abandon it at random, since if it is not used properly it can become distracting or even contradict the message that you want to convey.
Visual and verbal contact
By establishing eye contact with different members of the auditorium, attention and integration towards the topic being exposed is promoted. In addition, the audience should be appealed frequently using the second person singular in his speech.
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